I find most “work-life balance” conversations challenging. For starters, there’s a distinctly gendered component to them – where women seem to be expected to worry more about balancing it all, and where “life” is code for domestic duties, rather than, you know, LIFE in all its juicy, nourishing, celebratory glory.
But I find we also tend to get caught up in finding a single correct answer that works for everyone. (Kinda like we do for most things in life.) And of course, the answer is different for everyone.
My man, for example, would be deeply dismayed if someone forced him to work only forty hours a week. He loves his work. It feeds him. And he doesn’t enjoy many of the activities other people might put in the “life” category. He’s sincerely blissed out reading academic non-fiction, listening to The Economist’s audio version, and taking conference calls at 7 am.
I, on the other hand, enjoy flipping through French decor magazines or browsing Pinterest for fun, but I also find writing blog posts to be a genuinely enjoyable way to while away a couple of hours. Does that count as “work” or “life,” then?
The work-life axis just doesn’t work, in my experience.
On the other hand, we certainly know it when the balance is out of whack, don’t we? We feel harried, exhausted, and acutely aware of the stuff we wish we were doing instead of whatever it is that’s taking over our life. I’ve had several conversations lately with people whose lives are so full that they aren’t finding time for the stuff that really lights them up – and that’s a tough place to be.
So how do we pull things back into balance? How do we figure out which stuff to prioritize? And how do we figure out what the right balance for us is, anyway?
I’ve got a hypothesis.
There’s an idea I’ve been playing with: That there are two axes the make up what I call the Balance Matrix.
The first axis has to do with whose priorities you’re attending to: your own, or other people’s. (Let’s call this the impetus axis, since it’s about where the stimulus for the activity comes from.)
The second concerns whether the activities you’re engaged in energize or deplete you. (I’ll call this the energy axis.)
If you plot the activities that fill your day along these two axes, I think you’ll discover where your balance is out of whack.
For the impetus axis, you can ask yourself questions like, “How closely does this activity align with my values, goals, or purpose?” “Does this get me closer to something that matters to me?” or “What intrinsic rewards do I stand to gain from this?”
For the energy axis, try questions like, “After I complete this activity, will I feel more or less energetic?” “If it were up to me, is this something I would do for the fun of it?” or “How often do I feel bored, tired, or drained by this?”
The Balance Matrix
Here’s what the balance matrix looks like:
And here’s how it plays out.
Drudgery: Other-Focused and Depleting
Let’s start with the lower left quadrant: Drudgery. Here’s the stuff that’s most draining to us: activities that deplete our energy and prioritize others’ needs over our own. Some things that might get slotted here would be attending badly-run meetings, getting up for the fourth time in a single night to feed one’s baby, or going to your spouse’s boss’s house for dinner. (N.B. These will be different for everyone – I’m just painting in broad brush-strokes.)
The more time and energy you’re dedicating to bottom-left stuff, the more out-of-balance your life is likely to feel. So this is a great quadrant to keep an eye on: If you find you’ve got a lot of things crowding into it, look for ways to off-load some of them, or counter-balance them by dedicating more time and energy to upper-right quadrant stuff. And when you can’t avoid it, look for ways to make it more energizing (bring a friend, bop to your favourite music, make a game out of it, etc.) and as efficient as possible.
How to handle it: Minimize, minimize, minimize. And when in doubt, work on your boundaries.
Tasks: Your Priority, but Depleting
In the lower-right quadrant, we have the stuff that matters to you but is somewhat draining: I’m calling these Tasks. I’d include things like managing my email inbox, going to the dentist, and doing the dishes. They’re not the highlights of my day, but I certainly appreciate it when they’re done, and I’d be stressed if they didn’t happen.
When you spend more time than you’d like on Tasks, you’ll feel out of balance, too – but I’d argue, less so than with Drudgery. My goal with Tasks is to do them as efficiently as possible, and to pair them whenever possible with stuff that feels fun. So if my inbox is overflowing, I set a timer and turn it into a game: How many emails can I reply to in the given time? And perhaps I’ll set a reward at the end of my email sprint. The lower-right quadrant is all about powering through with speed and a light heart. It must get done, but it needn’t take over your life.
Rewarding Work: Energizing, but Other-Focused
Let’s move to the upper-left quadrant: Rewarding Work. This is where other people’s priorities start to feel more energizing to you – for example, working with great colleagues or clients, learning new skills that your employer has asked you to acquire, or perhaps doing something for your partner that you wouldn’t normally consider fun. (My immediate reference point here is watching football games with my guy.) The reward is more extrinsic than intrinsic, here – it’s about someone else’s needs being met, but there’s something in it for you, too, in the form of an energy boost. But extrinsic rewards will only get you so far towards feeling energized and purposeful.
This quadrant is a pretty good place to hang out. You probably won’t feel too miserable if you’re spending most of your time here, but you won’t feel amazing, either – because you’re spending more energy focused on other people’s priorities than your own. If you find this quadrant is dominating your life, I’d suggest looking for ways to shift your activities a little further to the right. Where can you align this stuff more closely with your own priorities?
How to handle it: Ensure you’re being well compensated, protect your time off, and look for opportunities to weave in your own priorities.
Fun + Purpose: The Sweet Spot
Finally, the upper-right quadrant is what people refer to when they tell you to “follow your bliss”: I’m calling it Fun and Purpose. This is the sweet spot where what matters most to you – be it creating art, exploring and adventure, learning and knowledge, connecting with friends and family, or your core desired feelings – intersects with what boosts your engine, lights you up, makes you feel on fire and in love with life.
It’s not just fun, and nor is it simply purpose. It’s the magical place where the two come together for a delicious tango.
And I would argue that most of the time, when our lives feel out of balance, it’s because we don’t have much going on in the Fun and Purpose department. We’re getting distracted by other people’s priorities, and by the chores that simply have to get done, and by the time those two things are taken care of, the day is done and we’re spent.
How to handle it: Make the absolute most of it – and keep looking for ways to shift more of your life into this quadrant.
Perspective shift: Fun and Purpose are kind of the point.
If you’re like many of us, you don’t have a whole ton in that upper-right quadrant. You carve out an hour here to read your favourite books, another hour there to hike through the rainforest and breathe in the fragrance of mossy cedars… a couple of evenings a month to enjoy a meal with your nearest and dearest. These are your sweet rewards for all the work you’ve been doing: that rewarding work, but also the tasks and the drudgery.
We tend to look at this upper-right quadrant this way: our rewards. And we hear the follow-your-bliss people talking about hanging out there all the time, and it sounds divine but unachievable. And so we start to believe our balance is profoundly out of whack.
I would argue, though – and that “regrets of the dying” piece has my back on this – that your fun, your happiness, your work-that-doesn’t-feel-like work, is precisely the point of your life. It’s your piece of the puzzle, your original medicine, your what-the-world-needs-is-more-people-who-have-come-alive thang.
And OK, maybe you can’t quit your day job or fire your kids to turn that into your full-time vocation.
But here’s the thing: A little tweaking can do wonders.
How to feel more balanced – like, right now
As you plot out the activities that fill your days, I invite you to consider this question: If time and money were no object, what would I put in the upper-right quadrant?
Of all the things that are calling your name, amidst all the stuff you wish you could be doing right now: What’s calling to you most loudly?
If I could magically give you a few hours a week to dedicate to one project or activity, what would you choose to dedicate that time to?
Got that? Do you have a vision of what would feel marvellous to be dedicating time to?
Awesome. Now, let’s find a way to make room for it.
Making time for Fun and Purpose
There are a couple of ways to make room in your schedule.
The first is to quit doing something else. So: What would you like to give yourself permission to stop doing for the time being?
Some suggestions: Take the advice of a friend of mine and commit to caring 20% less about everything in the lower two quadrants of the balance matrix. Maybe even your Rewarding Work, if there’s just too much of it. Care 20% less. Let some stuff go.
Alternately, delegate or otherwise off-load anything you possibly can in the lower two quadrants. Hire a housecleaner. Give yourself permission to eat prepared meals more often. Maintain healthy boundaries with family members or friends. And so on.
Here’s another way to tackle scheduling challenges: If I gave you some kind of ultimatum where you absolutely had to carve an hour a day out for yourself (think: million-dollar prize, or whatever would motivate such a radical shift for you), could you do it (even temporarily)? What would it take?
What comes to mind? Is there room for greater efficiency in your routine? What would you stop doing if the stakes were high?
(Hint: The stakes are actually pretty high, here. They’re you having a life that feels balanced and rewarding, versus not. So maybe keeping up with your third-favourite TV show, or replying to every single email you receive, stops feeling quite so important.)
It comes down to this.
Can you imagine a world where you tackle the project or activity you’re dreaming of in that one hour a day we’ve carved out, for however long it would take to complete?
If you’re panicking at the thought of making room in your schedule, remember this: Because your dream activity is something that energizes you, you will likely find that when you start putting time into it, your energy for everything in the other three quadrants will go way up.
And… it doesn’t need to be an hour a day; I’m just using that as an example. Maybe it’s a half-day a week. Maybe it’s four days a month. Maybe it’s something you could do for ten minutes every three days but that would make you feel amazing. Whatever the time commitment is, though, see if you can carve it out.
If all else fails, and you simply can’t figure out a way to move your project forward, consider the “floss one tooth” method: What is the tiniest version of it you could do? Can you write one sentence a day? Walk around the block? Practice the violin for three minutes? Turn your project into such ridiculously small steps that not doing it would feel silly.
(Want more ideas? Here’s a follow-up post I wrote about how to make time for fun and purpose.)
Now do that – every day. And notice how that one sentence turns into two, then five, then 750 words. Notice that walk around the block become two laps, then five, then a 30-minute stroll each night after dinner. Notice how your hands start itching to practice your fingering and your bow technique while you’re doing other things. (And you’ll have days when you’ll fall short of your goal, but mostly you’re going to lap this up, because it’s your fun and your purpose.)
That’s balance. That’s the good life: meaningful and rich, with a dash of stuff-other-people-need-you-to-do and good dental hygiene.
So, that’s my hypothesis. What do you think? Anything to add? Want to tear it apart? Have at it – your thoughts are very welcome.
I had the pleasure of discussing the Balance Matrix for Marketplace Weekend with Lizzie O’Leary. You can listen to the five-minute interview here.